Whether to build a personalized house or to purchase a readymade house is the first thought that come across when one decides to have a dream home. Readymade house provides spaces which are designed to cater general use of the area, leaving very less opportunity to convert those spaces into user specific area. So it is always good to build your user specific dream house if one can afford to. However the journey from an idea of building a house to actually building a house is not a bed of roses. That needs proper planning and execution which can be done with the help of an architect. Architects are professionals who have spent years to study design, by laws, structure, services and provide proper guidance to benefit the client in terms of budget, durability of a material, aesthetics of the spaces.
Mentioned below are the steps towards building a dream house with the architect.
DON’T BE VAGUE. One needs to have a proper list of requirements to give that to the architect. Think of present and future requirements in detail and categorize them based on physical, social, religious and economical need.
SITE SPECIFIC AWARENESS OF RULES AND BYLAWS:
Understand the rules of local developmental authority where site (piece of land where house will be built) is located. Understand the terminology such as carpet area, built-up area, F.S.I., ground cover and site margins. Some basic margin areas are to be provided as per the rules and one can’t break such rules to gain spacious house. It is architect’s responsibility to take care of bylaws and design according to client’s requirements.
SCHEMATIC DESIGN PHASE:
Once architect is provided with the programme and required details of proposed site, architect prepares initial sketches and tries to fulfil all the requirements without losing the essence of design and planning. Then after converting those initial sketches into proper layout, architect presents layout planning and basic elevation to client.
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT PHASE:
It is a phase when architect puts feedbacks given by client during the discussion of layout presentation of schematic design. It is a to and fro process which requires understanding between client and architect.
PREPERATION OF CONSTRUCTION DOCUMENTS:
Once design is being finalized it enters into preparing of a construction documents. These documents would require working drawings. Working drawings are set of drawings which provides all the information which are necessary to actually construct the house as envisioned. It incorporates structure, electrical, plumbing, drainage, HVAC and other services.
HIRING CONTRACTOR AND OTHER AGENCIES:
After completed construction documents, contractor and other agencies need to be hired. Before finalizing on any agency who will potentially work for constructing a house, quotations from varied agencies are received, compared and cross checked for the quality of work. It is architect’s job to hire best suitable agency for the work.
CONSTRCUCTION ADMINISTRATION AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT:
It is architect’s duty to administrate the ongoing construction for quality, timely actions, use of proper material and method. Architect needs to update client whenever the project demands. Selection of finishes is a huge responsibility which is shared by client and architect both as that gives the final look to the house. Architect helps client to make more efficient selection considering aesthetics of space, budget and quality of the product. Architect also handles cross checking of bills and any onsite dispute.
(Disclaimer: This blog is written by a practising architect based on the experiences she has had in her professional career. She is a co-founder architect of Architecture Firm in Surat, India. Architects across India have different types of practices which may not match with the described content. Client and architect’s responsibility for a particular project vary based on a terms they agree to work.)